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Benjamin Felbrich

Doctoral Candidate
2014 - Current



Peer-Reviewed Publications:

Horteborn, E.; Zboinska, M. A.; Dumitrescu, D.; Williams, C.; Felbrich, B.: 2019, Architecture from textile in motion, Proceedings of the IASS Annual Symposium 2019 – Structural Membranes 2019
Form and Force; 7-10 October 2019, Barcelona, Spain; C. Lazaro, K.-U. Bletzinger, E. Onate (eds.)

Felbrich, B.; Jahn, G.; Newnham; C., Menges, A.: 2018, Self-organizing maps for intuitive gesture-based geometric modelling in augmented reality, IEEE AIVR 2018, The First IEEE International Conference on Artificial Intelligence and Virtual Reality, Taiwan 2018

Solly, J.; Früh, N.; Saffarian, S.; Felbrich, B.; Prado, M.; Vasey, L.; Knippers, J.; Menges, A.: 2018, ICD/ITKE Research Pavilion 2016/2017: Integrative Design of a Composite Lattice Cantilever. In: Proceedings of the IASS Annual Symposium 2018, 16-19 July 2018, MIT, Boston, Caitlin Mueller, Sigrid Adriaenssens (eds.), 2018

Felbrich, B; Wulle F., Allgaier, C., Menges, A., Verl, A., Wurst, K.-H., Nebelsick, J.: 2018, A novel Rapid Additive Manufacturing concept for architectural composite shell construction inspired by the shell formation in land snails, in Bioinspiration & Biomimetics. Available online at

Felbrich, B; Frueh, N.; Prado, M.; Saffarian, S.; Solly, J.; Vasey, L.; Knippers., J.; Menges, A.: 2017, Multi-Machine Fabrication: An Integrative Design Process Utilising an Autonomous UAV and Industrial Robots for the Fabrication of Long Span Composite Structures, in ACADIA – Disciplines & Disruption [Proceedings of the ACADIA Conference 2017], Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Cambridge, MA, pp. 248-259. (ISBN: 978-0-692-96506-1)

Nebelsick, J; Allgaier, C.; Felbrich, B; Coupek., D.; Reiter, R.; Reiter, G.; Menges, A.; Lechler, A.; Wurst, K.: 2016, Continuous Fused Deposition Modelling of Architectural Envelopes Based on the Shell Formation of Molluscs: A Research Review, In Knippers, J.; Nickel, K.; Speck, T. (Eds.): Biomimetic Research for Architecture and Building Construction, DOI: 10.1007/978-3-319-46374-2_12

Felbrich, B.; Nönnig, J. R.; Wiesenhütter, S.: 2014, Rigid Folding in Robotic Multi-agent Systems, In Procedia Computer Science, Volume 35, 2014, Pages 1342–1351, Knowledge-Based and Intelligent Information & Engineering Systems 18th Annual Conference, KES-2014 Gdynia, Poland,

Felbrich, B; Lordick, D.; Nönnig, J.R.; Wiesenhütter, S.: 2014, Experiments with a Folding Multi-Agent System in the Design of Triangle Mesh Structures, Conference: 16th International Conference on Geometry and Graphics (ICGG), At Innsbruck, Austria, Volume: 16, DOI: 10.13140/2.1.1380.7044

Further Publications:

Allgaier, C.; Felbrich, B.; Wulle, F.; Khechine, E., Nebelsick, J., Menges, A., Reiter, G., Reiter, R., Lechler, A., Verl, A., Wurst, K.: 2019, Snails as living 3D printers: free forms for the architecture of tomorrow. In Knippers, J; Schmid, U.; Speck, T. (eds.) Biomimetics for Architecture,  pp.126-133. DOI: 10.1515/9783035617917-016.

Allgaier, C.; Felbrich, B.; Wulle, F.; Khechine, E.; Nebelsick, J; Menges, A.; Reiter, G.; Reiter, R.; Verl, A.; Wurst, K.: 2017, Schnecken als lebende 3D-Drucker: freie Formen für die Architektur von morgen, In Stuttgarter Beiträge zur Naturkunde, Serie C, Band 82, 2017, J. Knippers, U. Schmid, T. Speck [Hrsg.]: "Baubionik – Biologie beflügelt Architektur"

Benjamin Felbrich, born in 1987, is a PhD candidate at the Institute for Computational Design and Construction at Universität Stuttgart. His diploma thesis, with which he completed his architecture studies at Technische Universität Dresden dealt with the utilization of multi-agent systems for architectural purposes and was awarded the Kurt-Beyer-Preis 2014 and the Architekturpreis 13. After gaining professional experience at Vastu Shilpa Consultants in Ahmedabad, India and at Behnisch Architekten, Stuttgart with a strong focus on computational design and optimization, he joined ICD from October 2014 to 2018 as a research associate. His research interests are computer graphics, robotics and machine learning.

From April 2019 to April 2020 Benjamin conducts his research as a visiting research fellow at the University of Technology Sydney (UTS) in Australia funded through a PhD scholarship of the German Academic Exchange Service (DAAD). His research there revolves around autonomous robotic construction processes enabled through state-of-the-art deep reinforcement learning learning techniques.


(2012) Canopy for the Smriti Van Earthquake Memorial Museum

(2014) Bionics in Architecture: Experiments with Multi-Agent Systems in Irregular Folded Structure

(2014) Crow - Artificial Neural Networks in Grasshopper

(2014 - 2018) Continuous fused deposition modelling of architectural envelopes based on the shell formation of molluscs

(2014 - 2015) ICD/ITKE Research Pavilion 2014-15

(2015 - 2017) ICD/ITKE Research Pavilion 2016-17

(2016) FlexHopper - GPU-based unified particle simulation in Grasshopper (ongoing)

(2018) Crow – CUDA-based Self-Organizing Structures as an Intuitive Mesh Modelling Tool

(2019) deepbuilder – Autonomous Robotic Construction through Deep Reinforcement Learning (ongoing)


Recipient of the One-Year Scholarship for Doctoral Researchers - granted by the German Academic Exchange Service DAAD (2019/20)

International AEC/FM Hackathon, Winner "Best Overall Project" (2018)

BIM Award 2018, Winner "Teaching and Research" (2018)

ArchDaily Building of the Year Award 2018 - Finalist (final five), "Small Scale Architecture" (2018)

World Architecture Award - Cycle 25 (2017)

Kurt-Beyer-Preis for Outstanding Thesis Projects (2015)

Architekturpreis 11: Sonderanerkennung (2014)

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