This image shows Samuel Leder

Samuel Leder


Research Associate
2019 - current


Keplerstraße 11
79174 Stuttgart
Room: 10.23

  1. 2023

    1. Leder, S., & Menges, A. (2023). Introducing Agent-Based Modeling Methods for Designing Architectural Structures with Multiple Mobile Robotic Systems. In C. Gengnagel, O. Baverel, G. Betti, M. Popescu, M. R. Thomsen, & J. Wurm (Eds.), Towards Radical Regeneration (pp. 71--83). Springer International Publishing.
    2. Leder, S., & Menges, A. (2023). Architectural design in collective robotic construction. Automation in Construction, 156, 105082.
  2. 2022

    1. Stieler, D., Schwinn, T., Leder, S., Maierhofer, M., Kannenberg, F., & Menges, A. (2022). Agent-based modeling and simulation in architecture. Automation in Construction, 141, 104426.
    2. Kubail Kalousdian, N., Lochnicki, G., Hartmann, V. N., Leder, S., Oguz, O. S., Menges, A., & Toussaint, M. (2022). Learning Robotic Manipulation of Natural Materials with Variable Properties for Construction Tasks. IEEE Robotics and Automation Letters, 1–1.
    3. Leder, S., Kim, H., Oguz, O. S., Kalousdian, N. K., Hartmann, V. N., Menges, A., Toussaint, M., & Sitti, M. (2022). Leveraging Building Material as Part of the In-Plane Robotic Kinematic System for Collective Construction. Advanced Science, 2201524.
  3. 2021

    1. Łochnicki, G., Kubail Kalousdian, N., Leder, S., Maierhofer, M., Wood, D., & Menges, A. (2021). Co-Designing Material-Robot Construction Behaviors: Teaching distributed robotic systems to leverage active bending for light-touch assembly of bamboo bundle structures. In B. Farahi, B. Bogosian, J. Scott, J. L. García del Castillo y López, K. Dörfler, J. A. Grant, S. Parascho, & V. A. A. Noel (Eds.), Realignments: Toward Critical Computation - ACADIA 2021.
  4. 2020

    1. Leder, S., Weber, R., Vasey, L., Yablonina, M., & Menges, A. (2020). Voxelcrete: Distributed Voxelized Adaptive Formwork. ECAADe Online 2020 – Architecture and Fabrication in the Cognitive Age Proceedings of the 38th ECAADe Conference 2020.
    2. Leder, S., Kim, H., Ozgur, O. S., Hartmann, V., Toussaint, M., Menges, A., & Sitti, M. (2020). Co-Design in Architecture: A Modular Material-Robot Kinematic Construction System. 2020 IEEE/RSJ International Conference on Intelligent Robots and Systems (IROS) Proceedings of Workshop on Construction and Architecture Robotics.
  5. 2019

    1. Leder, S., Weber, R., Wood, D., Bucklin, O., & Menges, A. (2019). Distributed Robotic Timber Construction: Designing of in-situ timber construction system with robot-material collaboration. ACADIA – Ubiquity and Autonomy Proceedings of the ACADIA Conference 2019.

Samuel is a doctoral candidate at the Institute for Computational Design and Construction at the University of Stuttgart. He holds a Bachelor of Design in Architecture, summa cum laude, as well as a Bachelors of Applied Science in Systems Science and Engineering, magna cum laude, from Washington University in St. Louis. He received a Masters in Science in Architecture through the Integrative Technologies and Architectural Design Research (ITECH) program at the University of Stuttgart. During which he was a recipient of both German Academic Exchange Service (DAAD) Award for Outstanding Achievement and the Deutschlandstipendium. His Master’s thesis together with Ramon Weber was awarded a sonderpreis through the Hochschulpreis Holzbau 2019. Before joining the Institute, Sam worked as an architect in Munich, Germany as well as a designer at a graphic design/ branding firm outside of San Francisco, CA.

His current research at ICD is part of the EXC 2120: Cluster of Excellence IntCDC – Integrative Computational Design and Construction for Architecture. As part of the Cluster, Sam’s current research is interested in the creation of bespoke distributed robotic systems for on-site construction. His work explores the notion of the minimal machine required to create complex spatial assemblies and specifically on the co-design of the machines and the design of structure they produce. 



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