Agent-Based Modeling

Research Area

Many aspects of architecture, from design to fabrication, construction and operation, can be conceived of as complex social or physical systems. Such systems consist of multiple interacting entities, people, objects, or both, that are embedded in an environment, with which they also interact. Complex systems are characterized by non-linear behavior often expressed as emergence or selforganization. The cross-sectoral research area Agent-based Modeling focuses on modeling and understanding complex systems in architecture in order to harness their complexity for the design of the built environment.

Selected Publications

  1. 2022

    1. Nguyen, L., Schwinn, T., Groenewolt, A., Maierhofer, M., Zorn, M. B., Stieler, D., Siriwardena, L., Kannenberg, F., & Menges, A. (2022). ABxM.Core: The Core Libraries of the ABxM Framework. DaRUS.
    2. Stieler, D., Schwinn, T., Leder, S., Maierhofer, M., Kannenberg, F., & Menges, A. (2022). Agent-based modeling and simulation in architecture. Automation in Construction, 141, 104426.
    3. Stieler, D., Schwinn, T., & Menges, A. (2022). Automatisierte Bauteilzerlegung für Betonfertigteile aus additiv hergestellten Schalungen. Beton- Und Stahlbetonbau, 117(5), 324–332.
    4. Stieler, D., Schwinn, T., & Menges, A. (2022). Additive formwork in precast construction - Agent-based Methods for Fabrication-aware Modularization of Concrete Building Elements. Post Carbon - Proceedings of the 26th International Conference on Computer-Aided Architectural Design Research in Asia, CAADRIA 2022.
  2. 2021

    1. Orozco, L., Krtschil, A., Wagner, H. J., Bechert, S., Amtsberg, F., Skoury, L., Knippers, J., & Menges, A. (2021). Design Methods for Variable Density, Multi-Directional Composite Timber Slab Systems for Multi-Storey. In V. Stojakovic & B. Tepavcevic (Eds.), Proceedings of the 39th eCAADe Conference (Vol. 1, pp. 303--312). Cumincad.
    2. Schwinn, T. (2021). A systematic approach for developing agent-based architectural design models of segmented shells : towards autonomously learned goal-oriented agent behaviors. ICD Research Report, 5, Article 5.
  3. 2020

    1. Wagner, H. J., Alvarez, M., Groenewolt, A., & Menges, A. (2020). Towards digital automation flexibility in large-scale timber construction: integrative robotic prefabrication and co-design of the BUGA Wood Pavilion. Construction Robotics, 120, 1–17.
  4. 2019

    1. Maierhofer, M., & Menges, A. (2019). Towards integrative design processes and computational design tools for the design space exploration of adaptive architectural structures. ICETAD 2019 - Proceedings of the 1st International Conference on Emerging Technologies in Architectural Design, 113--120.
  5. 2018

    1. Groenewolt, A., Schwinn, T., Nguyen, L., & Menges, A. (2018). An interactive agent-based framework for materialization-informed architectural design. Swarm Intelligence, 12(2), 155--186.
  6. 2017

    1. Baharlou, E. (2017). Generative agent-based architectural design computation : behavioral strategies for integrating material, fabrication and construction characteristics in design processes. ICD Research Report, 1, Article 1.
  7. 2015

    1. Baharlou, E., & Menges, A. (2015). Toward a behavioral design system : an agent-based approach for polygonal surfaces structures. Computational Ecologies: Design in the Anthropocene, Proceedings of the 35th Annual Conference of the Association for Computer Aided Design in Architecture (ACADIA), 161–172.
    2. Vasey, L., Baharlou, E., Dörstelmann, M., Koslowski, V., Prado, M., Schieber, G., Menges, A., & Knippers, J. (2015). Behavioral Design and Adaptive Robotic Fabrication of a Fiber Composite Compression Shell With Pneumatic Formwork. Proceedings of ACADIA 2015, 297--309.
    3. Schwinn, T., & Menges, A. (2015). Fabrication Agency: Landesgartenschau Exhibition Hall. Architectural Design, 85(5), 92--99.
  8. 2014

    1. Schwinn, T., Krieg, O. D., & Menges, A. (2014). Behavioral Strategies: Synthesizing design computation and robotic fabrication of lightweight timber plate structures. Design Agency Proceedings of the 34th Annual Conference of the Association for Computer Aided Design in Architecture (ACADIA), 177--188.\_177

Contact Information

This image shows Tobias Schwinn

Tobias Schwinn


Head of Research and Research Infrastructure

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