Agent-Based Modeling

Research Area

Many aspects of architecture, from design to fabrication, construction and operation, can be conceived of as complex social or physical systems. Such systems consist of multiple interacting entities, people, objects, or both, that are embedded in an environment, with which they also interact. Complex systems are characterized by non-linear behavior often expressed as emergence or selforganization. The cross-sectoral research area Agent-based Modeling focuses on modeling and understanding complex systems in architecture in order to harness their complexity for the design of the built environment.

Selected Publications

  1. 2023

    1. Leder, S., & Menges, A. (2023). Introducing Agent-Based Modeling Methods for Designing Architectural Structures with Multiple Mobile Robotic Systems. In C. Gengnagel, O. Baverel, G. Betti, M. Popescu, M. R. Thomsen, & J. Wurm (Eds.), Towards Radical Regeneration (pp. 71--83). Springer International Publishing.
  2. 2022

    1. Leder, S., Kim, H., Oguz, O. S., Kalousdian, N. K., Hartmann, V. N., Menges, A., Toussaint, M., & Sitti, M. (2022). Leveraging Building Material as Part of the In-Plane Robotic Kinematic System for Collective Construction. Advanced Science, 2201524.
    2. Stieler, D., Schwinn, T., & Menges, A. (2022). Volumetric intersections: Modularization approaches for freeform prefab concrete construction. Civil Engineering Design, 4(1–3), 3--13.
    3. Stieler, D., Schwinn, T., Leder, S., Maierhofer, M., Kannenberg, F., & Menges, A. (2022). Agent-based modeling and simulation in architecture. Automation in Construction, 141, 104426.
    4. Stieler, D., Schwinn, T., & Menges, A. (2022). Automatisierte Bauteilzerlegung für Betonfertigteile aus additiv hergestellten Schalungen. Beton- Und Stahlbetonbau, 117(5), 324–332.
    5. Stieler, D., Schwinn, T., & Menges, A. (2022). Additive formwork in precast construction - Agent-based Methods for Fabrication-aware Modularization of Concrete Building Elements. Post Carbon - Proceedings of the 26th International Conference on Computer-Aided Architectural Design Research in Asia, CAADRIA 2022.
    6. Orozco, L., Krtschil, A., Skoury, L., Knippers, J., & Menges, A. (2022). Arrangement of reinforcement in variable density timber slab systems for multi-story construction. International Journal of Architectural Computing, 20(4), 707--727.
  3. 2021

    1. Orozco, L., Krtschil, A., Wagner, H. J., Bechert, S., Amtsberg, F., Skoury, L., Knippers, J., & Menges, A. (2021). Design Methods for Variable Density, Multi-Directional Composite Timber Slab Systems for Multi-Storey. In V. Stojakovic & B. Tepavcevic (Eds.), Proceedings of the 39th eCAADe Conference (Vol. 1, pp. 303--312). Cumincad.
  4. 2020

    1. Wagner, H. J., Alvarez, M., Groenewolt, A., & Menges, A. (2020). Towards digital automation flexibility in large-scale timber construction: integrative robotic prefabrication and co-design of the BUGA Wood Pavilion. Construction Robotics, 120, 1–17.
  5. 2019

    1. Maierhofer, M., & Menges, A. (2019). Towards integrative design processes and computational design tools for the design space exploration of adaptive architectural structures. ICETAD 2019 - Proceedings of the 1st International Conference on Emerging Technologies in Architectural Design, 113--120.
  6. 2015

    1. Baharlou, E., & Menges, A. (2015). Toward a behavioral design system : an agent-based approach for polygonal surfaces structures. Computational Ecologies: Design in the Anthropocene, Proceedings of the 35th Annual Conference of the Association for Computer Aided Design in Architecture (ACADIA), 161–172.

Contact Information

This image shows Tobias Schwinn

Tobias Schwinn


Head of Research and Research Infrastructure

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