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Tiffany Cheng

M.DesS, B.Arch

Research Associate
Institute for Computational Design and Construction
2017 - Current


Keplerstraße 11
70174 Stuttgart


Tiffany is a computational designer from Taiwan with a background in architecture and robotic fabrication. Interested in the intersections between computation, materials, and robotics, her research focuses on the creation of digital workflows that allow mass-customization of material properties, behavior, and performance.

Tiffany holds a Master in Design Studies with a concentration in Technology from the Graduate School of Design at Harvard University. Previously, she graduated from USC with a Bachelor of Architecture, Minor in Digital Studies and Honors in Multimedia Scholarship (USC School of Cinematic Arts).

Tiffany has worked as a researcher with the MaP+S Group at Harvard GSD developing novel robotic systems for bespoke carbon fiber structures. She has also practiced with StudioFV designing biking infrastructure and facilities for LA Metro. Her professional experience ranges from electronics production and embedded programming to interaction design.

Tiffany's research agenda at the ICD aims to advance the knowledge of 4D-printed self-shaping and responsive material systems as well as to develop the complimentary hardware and software tools that can fabricate them.

Doctoral Research: Material programming for 4D-printing: Architected mesostructures for bio-inspired self-shaping

  1. Cheng, T., Thielen, M., Poppinga, S., Tahouni, Y., Wood, D., Steinberg, T., Menges, A., Speck, T.: 2023, Entwicklung bioinspirierter und selbstformender Orthesen per 4D-Druck. Orthopädie Technik, vol. 74, no. 1. [Online]. Available:
  2. Speck, T., Cheng, T., Klimm, F., Menges, A., Poppinga, S., Speck, O., Tahouni, Y., Tauber, F., Thielen, M.: 2023, Plants as inspiration for material-based sensing and actuation in soft robots and machines. MRS Bulletin. (doi: 10.1557/s43577-022-00470-8)
  3. Wood, D., Cheng, T., Tahouni, Y., Menges, A.: 2023, Material Programming for Bio-inspired and Bio-based Hygromorphic Building Envelopes. In: Wang, J., Shi, D., Song, Y. (Eds.) Advanced Materials in Smart Building Skins for Sustainability. Springer Nature Switzerland AG, 1st ed. (doi: 10.1007/978-3-031-09695-2_4)
  4. Tahouni, Y., Cheng, T., Lajewski, S., Benz, J., Bonten, C., Wood, D., Menges, A.: 2022, Codesign of Biobased Cellulose-Filled Filaments and Mesostructures for 4D Printing Humidity Responsive Smart Structures. 3D Printing and Additive Manufacturing. (doi: 10.1089/3dp.2022.0061)
  5. Cheng, T., Thielen, M., Poppinga, S., Tahouni, Y., Wood, D., Steinberg, T., Menges, A., Speck, T.: 2021, Bio-Inspired Motion Mechanisms: Computational Design and Material Programming of Self-Adjusting 4D-Printed Wearable Systems. Advanced Science, vol. 8, no. 13. (doi: 10.1002/advs.202100411)
  6. Cheng, T., Wood, D., Kiesewetter, L., Özdemir, E., Antorveza, K., Menges, A.: 2021, Programming material compliance and actuation: hybrid additive fabrication of biocomposite structures for large-scale self-shaping. Bioinspiration & Biomimetics, vol. 16, no. 5. (doi:
  7. Özdemir, E., Kiesewetter, L., Antorveza, K., Cheng, T., Leder, S., Wood, D., Menges, A.: 2021, Towards Self-shaping Metamaterial Shells: A Computational Design Workflow for Hybrid Additive Manufacturing of Architectural Scale Double-Curved Structures. Proceedings of the 2021 DigitalFUTURES (CDRF 2021), pp. 275–285. (doi: 10.1007/978-981-16-5983-6_26)
  8. Cheng, T., Tahouni, Y., Wood, D., Stolz, B., Mülhaupt, R., Menges, A.: 2020, Multifunctional Mesostructures: Design and Material Programming for 4D-printing. Symposium on Computational Fabrication (SCF ’20). (doi: 10.1145/3424630.3425418)
  9. Cheng, T., Wood, D., Wang, X., Yuan, P., Menges, A.: 2020, Programming Material Intelligence: An Additive Fabrication Strategy for Self-Shaping Biohybrid Components. Lecture Notes in Artificial Intelligence: Biomimetic and Biohybrid Systems - Proceedings of the Living Machines 2020 Conference, vol. 12413, pp. 36--45. (doi: 10.1007/978-3-030-64313-3_5)
  10. Kliem, S., Tahouni, Y., Cheng, T., Menges, A., Bonten, C.: 2020, Biobased smart materials for processing via fused layer modeling. AIP Conference Proceedings, vol. 2289, no. 1. (doi: 10.1063/5.0028730)
  11. Tahouni, Y., Cheng, T., Wood, D., Sachse, R., Thierer, R., Bischoff, M., Menges, A.: 2020, Self-shaping Curved Folding: a 4D-printing method for fabrication of curved creased origami structures. Symposium on Computational Fabrication (SCF ’20). (doi: 10.1145/3424630.3425416)
  12. Poppinga, S., Zollfrank, C., Prucker, O., Ruehe, J., Menges, A., Cheng, T., Speck, T.: 2018, Toward a New Generation of Smart Biomimetic Actuators for Architecture. Advanced Materials, vol. 30, no. 19. (doi: 10.1002/adma.201703653)


  • ITECH Masters Thesis Topic – Programmable Matter, 2020-21
  • ITECH Masters Thesis Topic – Programmable Matter, 2019-20
  • ITECH Masters Thesis Topic – Programmable Matter, 2018-19
  • ITECH Masters Thesis Topic – Programmable Matter, 2017-18


  • ITECH Masters Thesis Preparation and Research Structure Module, 2020-21
  • ITECH Masters Thesis Preparation and Research Structure Module, 2019-20
  • ITECH Masters Thesis Preparation and Research Structure Module, 2018-19


Research Projects:

Conference Presentations:

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Contact information


Institute for Computational Design and Construction

University of Stuttgart, Keplerstraße 11, 70174 Stuttgart

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